Ana Nuno

Interdisciplinary Conservation Researcher & Consultant



Collins C, Letessier TB, Benaragama A, Broderick A, Wijesundara I, Nuno A (2023) Valuable bycatch: Eliciting social importance of sharks in Sri Lanka through value chain analysis. Marine Policy, 157: 105832.

Collins C, Kerry C, de Vos A, Karnad D, Nuno A, Letessier TB (2023) Changes in illegal fishing dynamics in a large-scale MPA during COVID-19 calls for broader adaptive management. Current Biology 33 (16): PR851-R852.

Nuno A, Fernandes C, Guedes M, Loloum B, Matos L, Nazaré L, Carvalho I (2023) Aquatic wild meat consumption of cetaceans in São Tomé and Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 46.1: 25-33.

Burt A, Nuno A, Turnbull L, Fleischer-Dogley F, Bunbury N (2023) An international assessment of the barriers influencing the effectiveness of island ecosystem management. People and Nature, 5 (1): 134-146.

Ribeiro M, Patino-Martinez J, Agues J, Marçal-Correia A, Nuno A (2022) Adapting a comprehensive behavioural model to investigate illegal sea turtle trade in Cabo Verde. Conservation & Society 20 (4): 325- 335.

Nuno A, Chesney C, Wellbelove M, Bersacola E, Kalema-Zikusoka G, Leendertz F, Webber A, Hockings K (2022) Protecting great apes from disease: compliance with measures to reduce anthroponotic disease transmission. People and Nature 4 (5): 1387-1400.

Davies A, Nuno A, Hinsley A, Martin R (2022) Live wild bird exports from West Africa: insights into recent trade from monitoring social media. Bird Conservation International 32 (4): 559-572.

Panisi M, Pissara V, Oquiongo G, Palmeirim J, de Lima R, Nuno A (2022) An endemic-rich island through the eyes of children: wildlife recognition and conservation preferences in São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea). Conservation Science & Practice 4(3): e12630.

Lopes L, Paulsch A, Nuno A (2022) Global challenges and priorities for marine turtle conservation interventions addressing illegal harvest, use and trade. Oryx 56(4), 592-600.

Davies A, Hinsley A, Nuno A, Martin R (2022) Identifying opportunities for expert-mediated triangulation in monitoring wildlife trade on social media. Conservation Biology 36(2): e13858.

Burt A, Nuno A, Bunbury N (2022) Defining and bridging the barriers to more effective conservation of island ecosystems: A practitioner’s perspective. Conservation Science & Practice 4 (1): e587.

Newth JL, McDonald RA, Wood KA, Rees EC, Semenov I, Chistyakov A, Mikhaylova G, Bearhop S, Cromie RL, Belousova A, Glazov P, Nuno A (2022) Predicting intention to hunt protected wildlife: a case study of Bewick’s swans in the European Russian Arctic. Oryx 56 (2): 228-240.

Thurstan R.H., Hockings K.J., Hedland J.S.U., Bersacola E., Collins C., Early R., Ermiasi Y., Fleischer-Dogley F., Gilkes G., Harrison M.E., Imron M.A., Kaiser-Bunbury C.N., Katoppo D.R., Marriott C., Muzungaile M., Nuno A., Regalla de Barros A., van Veen F., Wijesundara I., Bunbury N. (2021) Envisioning a resilient future for biodiversity conservation in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. People and Nature 3(5): 990-1013.

Collins C, Nuno A, Broderick AC, Curnick DJ, de Vos A, Franklin T, Jacoby D, Mees C, Moir-Clark J, Pearce J, Letessier T (2021) Understanding persistent non-compliance in a remote, large-scale marine protected area. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Ribeiro J, Carneiro I, Nuno A, Porto M, Edelaar P, Luna A, Reino L (2021) Investigating people’s perceptions of alien parakeets in urban environments. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 67:45.

Nuno A, Matos L, Metcalfe K, Godley BJ, Broderick AC (2021) Perceived influence over marine conservation: determinants and implications of empowerment. Conservation Letters 14(3): e12790.

Collins C, Letessier T, Broderick AC, Wijesundara I, Nuno A (2020) Using perceptions to examine human responses to blanket bans: the case of the thresher shark landing-ban in Sri Lanka. Marine Policy, 121: 104198.

Hays GC, Koldewey HJ, Andrzejaczek S, Attrill MJ, Barley S, Bayley DTI, Benkwitt CE, Block B, Schallert RJ, Carlisle AB, Carr P, Chapple TK, Collins C, Diaz C, Dunn N, Dunbar RB, Eager DS, Engel J, Embling CB, Esteban N, Ferretti F, Foster NL, Freeman R, Gollock M, Graham NAJ,· Harris JL, Head CEI, Hosegood P, Howell KL, Hussey NE, Jacoby DMP, Jones R, Sannassy Pilly S, Lange ID, Letessier TB, Levy E, Lindhart M, McDevitt-Irwin JM, Meekan M, Meeuwig JJ, Micheli F, Mogg AOM, Mortimer JA, Mucciarone DA, Nicoll MA, Nuno A, Perry CT, Preston SG, Rattray AJ, Robinson E, Roche RC, Schiele M, Sheehan EV, Sheppard A, Sheppard C, Smith AL, Soule B, Spalding M, Stevens GMW, Steyaert M, Stifel S, Taylor BM, Tickler D, Trevail AM, Trueba P, Turner J, Votier S, Wilson B, Williams GJ, Williamson BJ, Williamson MJ, Wood H, Curnick DJ. (2020). A review of a decade of lessons from one of the world’s largest MPAs: conservation gains and key challenges. Marine Biology, 167: 159.

Olmedo A, Milner-Gulland EJ, Challender D, Cugnière L, Dao H, Nguyen LB, Nuno A, Potier E, Ribadeneira M, Thomas-Walters L, Wan A, Wang Y, Veríssimo D (2020). A scoping review of celebrity endorsement in environmental campaigns and evidence for its effectiveness. Conservation Science and Practice, 2(10): e261.

Edwards R, Godley BJ, Nuno A (2020) Exploring connections among the multiple outputs and outcomes emerging from 25 years of sea turtle conservation in Northern Cyprus. Journal for Nature Conservation: 125816.

Veríssimo D, Vieira S, Monteiro D, Hancock J, Nuno A (2020) Audience research as a cornerstone of demand management interventions for illegal wildlife products: demarketing sea turtle meat and eggs. Conservation Science and Practice, 2(3): e164.

Ribeiro J, Reino L, Schindler S, Strubbe D, Vall-llosera M, Araújo MB, Capinha C, Carrete M, Mazzoni S, Monteiro M, Moreira F, Rocha R, Tella JL, Vaz AS, Vicente J, Nuno A (2019) Trends in legal and illegal trade of wild birds: a global assessment based on expert knowledge. Biodiversity and Conservation.

Travers H, Selinkske M, Nuno A, Serban A, Mancini F, Barychka T, Bush E, Rasolofoson R, Watson JEM & Milner-Gulland EJ (2019) A manifesto for predictive conservation. Biological Conservation, 237: 12-18.

Newth J, Wood K, McDonald R, Nuno A, Semenov I, Chistyakov A, Mikhaylova G, Bearhop S, Belousova A, Glazov P, Cromie R, Rees E (2019) Conservation implications of misidentification and killing of protected species. Conservation Science and Practice, 1(5): e24.

Walker JMM, Godley BJ, Nuno A (2019) Media framing of the Cayman Turtle Farm: implications for conservation conflicts. Journal for Nature Conservation, 48: 61-70.

Hinsley A, Keane A, St John F, Ibbett H, Nuno A (2019) Asking sensitive questions using the Unmatched Count Technique: applications and guidelines for Conservation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10(3), 308-319.‐210X.13137

Guerrero A, Bennett N, Wilson K, Carter N, Gill D, Mills M, Ives C, Selinske M, Larrosa C, Bekessy S, Januchowski-Hartley F, Travers H, Wyborn C, Nuno A (2018) Achieving the promise of integration in social-ecological research: A review and prospectus. Ecology & Society, 23(3):38.

Silk M, Woodhead A, Crowley S & Nuno A (2018) Considering connections between Hollywood and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology, 32 (3): 597-606.

Henriques M, Granadeiro JP, Monteiro Hamilton, Nuno A, Lecoq M, Cardoso P, Regalla A & Catry P (2018) Not in wilderness: African vulture strongholds remain in areas with high human density. PLOS ONE

Nuno A, Blumenthal J.M., Austin T.J., Bothwell J., Ebanks-Petrie G., Godley B.J. & Broderick A.C. (2018) Understanding implications of consumer behaviour for wildlife farming and sustainable wildlife trade. Conservation Biology, 32 (2): 390-400.

Duncan E, Botterell Z, Broderick A, Galloway T, Lindeque P, Nuno A & Godley B (2017) A global review of marine turtle entanglement in anthropogenic debris: a baseline for further action. Endangered Species Research, 34: 431-448

Hinsley A, Nuno A, Ridout M, St John F & Roberts D. (2017) Estimating the extent of CITES non-compliance amongst traders and end-consumers; lessons from the global orchid trade. Conservation Letters, 10: 602-609.

Hancock J, Furtado S, Merino S, Godley B & Nuno A. (2017) Exploring drivers and deterrents of the illegal consumption and trade of marine turtle products in Cape Verde, and implications for conservation planning. Oryx, 51: 428-436.

Fairbrass A, Nuno A, Bunnefeld B & Milner-Gulland EJ. (2016) Investigating determinants of compliance with wildlife protection laws: Bird persecution in Portugal. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 62: 93-101.

Nuno A, Milner-Gulland EJ, Bunnefeld B. (2015) Detecting abundance trends under uncertainty: the influence of budget, observation error and environmental change. Animal Conservation, 18(4): 331-340.

Nuno A, St John F. (2015) How to ask sensitive questions in conservation: A review of specialised questioning techniques. Biological Conservation, 189: 5-15.

Maxwell S, Milner-Gulland EJ, Jones JPG, Knight AT, Bunnefeld N, Nuno A, Bal P, Earle S, Watson JEM & Rhodes JR. (2015) Being smart about SMART environmental targets. Science, 347: 1075-1076.

Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2014) Managing social-ecological systems under uncertainty: implementation in the real world. Ecology and Society, 19(2):52.

Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Naiman L, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2013) A novel approach to assessing the prevalence and drivers of illegal bushmeat hunting in the Serengeti. Conservation Biology, 27(6): 1355-1365. [Watch recommendation by editor].(

Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2013) Matching observations and reality: using simulation models to improve monitoring under uncertainty in the Serengeti. Journal of Applied Ecology 50(2): 488–498.

Milner-Gulland EJ, Arroyo B, Bellard C, Blanchard J, Bunnefeld N, Delibes-Mateos M, Edwards C, Nuno A, Palazy L, Reljic S, Riera P & Skrbinsek T. (2010) New directions in Management Strategy Evaluation through cross-fertilisation between fisheries science and terrestrial conservation. Biology Letters 6: 719-722.

Editorials and correspondence

Godley BJ, Broderick AC, Colman LP, Formia A, Godfrey MH, Hamann M, Nuno A, Omeyer LCM, Patricio AR, Phillot AD, Rees AF, Shanker K (2020). Reflections on sea turtle conservation. Oryx, 54(3): 287-289. [Editorial]

Schwartz MW, Belhabib D, Biggs D, Cook C, Fitzsimons J, Giordano AJ, Glew L, Gottlieb S, Kattan G, Knight AT, Lundquist CJ, Lynam AJ, Masuda YJ, Mwampamba TH, Nuno A, Plumptre AJ, Ray JC, Reddy SM, Runge MC (2018) A vision for documenting and sharing knowledge in conservation. Conservation Science and Practice. [Editorial] (pdf)

St John F, Brockington D, Bunnefeld N, Duffy R, Homewood K, Jones JPG, Keane A, Milner-Gulland EJ, Nuno A & Razafimanahaka J. (2016) Research ethics: Assuring anonymity at the individual level may not be sufficient to protect research participants from harm. Biological Conservation, 196: 208-209. (pdf) [Letter to the Editor]

Keane A, Nuno A & St John F. (2015) Data collected using the randomised response technique must be analysed using specialised statistical methods. Biological Conservation, 187: 279-280. (pdf) [Letter to the Editor]

Nuno A. (2015) Achieving ecological conservation impact is not enough: setting priorities based on multiple criteria. Animal Conservation, 18: 16-17. (pdf) [Invited commentary]

Maxwell S, Rhodes JR, Bal P, Bunnefeld N, Earle S, Jones JPG, Milner-Gulland EJ, Nuno A, Watson JEM, Knight AK. (2014) Sustainability: root targets in consensus. Nature, 514: 434. (pdf) [Correspondence]

Selected presentations

Invited oral presentation Engaging communities in marine conservation, 3rd Marine Conservation Network meeting, University of Exeter, UK (26 July 2017)

Socio-economic aspects of turtle conservation in the Cayman Islands – Key findings (Presentation to multiple stakeholder groups and decision makers, Cayman Islands, October 2015)

Managing social-ecological systems under uncertainty: a multidisciplinary approach (University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, December 2014)

Oral presentation Monitoring under uncertainty for informed management decisions at the 9th TAWIRI (Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute) conference (Arusha, Tanzania, December 2013)

Oral presentation Monitoring under uncertainty for informed management decisions about poaching in the Serengeti at the Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists (Brussels, Belgium, August 2013)

Invited oral presentation Applying novel approaches to assess illegal bushmeat hunting in the Serengeti at the International Congress for Conservation Biology (Baltimore, USA, July 2013)

Invited oral presentation Application of novel approaches to assess sensitive behaviours in conservation at the European Congress of Conservation Biology (Glasgow, Scotland, August 2012)

Invited oral presentation Application of novel approaches to assess sensitive behaviours at the International Conference on Hunting for Sustainability: ecology, economics and society (Ciudad Real, Spain, March 2012)

Poster Matching observations and reality: the effects of observation error on monitoring of an harvested antelope community in the Serengeti, Tanzania at the Symposium "Antelope conservation in the 21st century: from diagnosis to action" (London, UK, November 2011)

Speed oral presentation Conservation of natural resources under uncertainty: bushmeat hunting in the Serengeti at ACES - Conservation Conflicts: strategies for coping with a changing world (Aberdeen, Scotland, August 2011)

Poster Management under uncertainty: illegal bushmeat hunting in the Serengeti, Tanzania at the 12th Student Conference on Conservation Science (Cambridge, UK, March 2011)

Poster Novel approaches to measure illegal behaviour: hunting in the Serengeti at the International Congress for Conservation Biology (Edmonton, Canada, July 2010). Poster published online by F1000

Poster Who's afraid of the Big Bad Wolf? Attitudes towards carnivores at the 10th Student Conference on Conservation Science (Cambridge, UK, March 2009). Awarded 3rd best poster prize

Books, book chapters, reports and theses

Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2017) Using management strategy evaluation as a framework for improving conservation under uncertainty: the case of the Serengeti ecosystem. In: Bunnefeld N, Nicholson E, Milner-Gulland EJ (ed.). Decision-Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management: Models for Interdisciplinary Approaches. Cambridge University Press.

Nuno A, Godley BJ & Broderick AC. (2015). Socio-economic aspects of turtle conservation in the Cayman Islands – Key results report. University of Exeter. 38 pp.

Nuno A, Metcalfe K, Godley BJ & Broderick AC. (2015). Marine Conservation Priorities São Tomé and Príncipe – Scoping Report. University of Exeter. 41 pp.

Nuno A. (2013). Managing social-ecological systems under uncertainty: implications for conservation. PhD thesis. Imperial College London, UK.

Nuno A. (2011). [in Portuguese] A fauna e a Aldeia das Amoreiras. Centro de Convergência/GAIA. Odemira/Lisboa, Portugal.

Nuno A. (2007). Conserving Carnivores: A. Attitudes of Portuguese high school students towards carnivores. B. Feeding habits of the jaguar: local and regional perspectives. MRes thesis. University of Leeds, UK.

Fairbrass A, Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Milner-Gulland EJ. (2013) [in Portuguese] A pergunta é: como perguntar? Um estudo sobre comportamentos que ameaçam a conservação das aves. Published in “Pardela”, the magazine of the Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds.